Is a parent morally obliged to tell an adopted child he/she is adopted? If so, at what age/stage of the child's life should one do so?
What about the birth parent(s)? If they are known, it it incumbent upon the adopting parents to make efforts to include them in the child's life?
On the one hand, knowing they are adopted/involving birth parents might hurt the child - make them feel unloved, complicate custody arrangements, etc. On the other hand, not telling them or risking that they find out themselves also seems unfair to the child.
What is a reasonable course of action in this probably common situation?
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